The Asian Muslim Action Network (AMAN)
AMAN is a network that brings together
individuals, groups and associations of Muslims in
As a network, AMAN provides forums to share
ideas and experiences, facilitates follow-up processes to synchronize the
actions and programs launched by common interest groups and individuals in
Research Fellowship: Islam in
HIV/AIDS Prevention – This joint program of AMAN and ARF includes research, preventative education, networking and advocacy.
AMAN Watch – For the promotion of human rights with special emphasis on ethnic and religious minorities, women and children.
The Present Situation in
By Mr. M. Abdus Sabur
Asian Muslim Action Network
The Underlying Causes of Conflict in the South
Ethnic, Linguistic and Religious Identity
Muslim majority of the southernmost provinces of
A Sense of Belonging to old Pattani – A Muslim Ruled Sultanat
Southern people’s sense of belonging to the once prosperous
November 1947, the military coup led by Thai General Phibul
led to the exile of
The Thai Modern Nation State
Under General Phibul, the administration made serious efforts towards integration and unification through a unified administrative and education system. The Thai government promulgated a series of cultural mandates which included the prohibition of any designation other than Thai, the prohibition of the use of any language other than Thai, and the decree that homage must be paid to Buddha’s image. This confronted the Southern Muslims with the challenge of either being loyal to their faith or to their state.
Unemployment and Poverty
members of the Muslim population, particularly youth, are often forced into
Nature of the Recent Violence
In a renewed campaign, both from insurgents and government, there have been losses of both life and property in the Southern provinces. Within the first six months of 2005, 207 people have already lost their lives with another 607 injured. Those who were killed included 6 soldiers, 15 policemen and 186 civilians. Teachers, religious leaders, and businessmen are among the civilian casualties.
Spread of Fear and a Widening Gap of Understanding - The once vertical conflict between government and insurgents has now grown between religions.
Law - Martial law was granted by the Thai government on
Main Stream Education - Due to the burning of schools, many classes have had to be suspended.
Economic Down Trends, Unemployment and Increasing Poverty - Due to continuing violence there has been reluctance on the part of investors to work in the South which is limiting prospects for strengthening the economy and employment creation. On a more individual note, many families who have lost their loved ones, in many cases the only family wage earner are suffering from deep poverty.
- In an unprecedented announcement
§ Immediate declaration of Martial Law in order to restore law and order.
§ Development of an economic package in order to create employment and improve the economic condition of the people.
§ Establishment of an inquiry commission to investigate the military operation in Kruse Mosque and the allocation of funds to compensate those who lost family members.
§ Initiation of dialogue with the government of
§ Pressured the government to demonstrate restraint and not to use excessive force.
§ Organization of forums to address the situation, particularly to identify any under lying causes for the conflict.
§ Initiation of open dialogue with youth and community members.
§ Encouragement for communities to develop their own programs that address their immediate needs.